Papaya tree has a palm-like trunk and is spherical & cylindrical in shape with sparse branches. The arrangement of the leaves on its trunk is in such a way the leaves cover the entire trunk. The fruit that has many seeds inside it is sweeter yellow to orange-red flesh.
Carica papaya is the fourth most-traded plant all over the world. Only ten countries are there, which produce almost 75% of the papayas. India is the leading state in the cultivation of this plant while the United States cultivates 0.1% Hardly.
About Papaya Fruit
|Botanical Name||Carica papaya|
|Max. Height||30 ft.|
|Taste||Ripped Papaya has sweet taste but magically best for diabetes patient|
How to grow carica papaya?
Papaya is a fast-growing tree. These can produce well under the 70°F to 90°F temperature. Full sunlight is preferable for its production. The soil must be fully drained. In the cold temperature, these become very dry, and in hot weather or dry season, it becomes moist.
Papayas are planted in rows with almost seven feet distance between the trees. Their size is nearly 12 feet long. But they can reach up to 30 feet in height.
They grow well in a tropical or subtropical climate where there is no frost is present.
Seeds that extract from ripe fruits are used to grow papaya plants. If one can buy its seed from the grocery store and grow this in the pot, it must be a bisexual plant. They grow in full sunlight and seedling; they are 8 to 10 feet tall. Their flowers will show after 5 to 6 months. Water trees frequently in daily bases for the best production of the plant. The more the papaya fruit is green in color can use for cocking like a marrow. One exciting thing is that male and female papayas grow in different trees. One must have both the flowers with male and female trees in the garden.
Spacing Between Seeds
Soil for papaya
The papaya plant grows in every type of land, but it prefers well-drained sterile potting mix soil which has pH from 5.5 to 6.5.
If the soil remains wet all over the day, its roots may cause the diseases due to too humid conditions. Loamy soil (Mixture of clay, silt & sand with equal ratio) is preferable.
Propagation of papaya fruit
Propagation from seeds
- Wash the seed from ripened papaya.
- Remove the outer layer (jelly-like bag) from each seed. The growth is possible after the removal of this jelly-like bag.
- Keep the seeds in a shady place and let them dry.
- Use an airtight container to save them until December.
- The month of March is best for the growth or pollination process. Keep in mind to dig five seeds together in a hole.
- Keep newly grown plants moist.
- The flower shapes, colors and size can use to identify the plant gender, either male or female.
Planting mature plant
- Dig a hole in soil twice the size of the root ball.
- Add some manure after removing the soil from the hole. Mix the dug-out and already available soil.
- Take out the plant from the container, but keep special care regarding roots.
- Do not keep roots in the air.
- Put the soil over the tree surroundings when digging it in a hole.
- Keep care about the stem must remain soil-free if stem gets cover with soil cause rotten papayas trees.
Male Papaya Flower Identification
Female flower identification
How to care papaya plant?
Temperature required for papaya
Harvesting & purning papaya
When the skin becomes yellow, it shows that the fruit is ready to eat.
If one cuts the tree from the top, it will stop growing well upward. It will end its growth to become tall as compared to the other trees. It is a point to save in mind to cut the papayas plant in winter as the advantage is it grows with much-closed branches. Trimming of branches does not affect the height of trees.
What are the benefits of papaya plant?
Each part of papaya can use for several health benefits. The leaf of papaya is rich in enzymes, and the juice of papaya leaf increases platelets in the human body.
Papaya is one of the most favorite fruits all over the world. This fruit is rich in vitamin A, vitamin E, vitamin C and many antioxidant properties.
Best to lose your weight
Strengthen immune system
Remedy for digestive problems
The digestive system is our basic unit. Every food goes to our body after the healthy digestion system. Now a day’s people are facing digestive problems as they are taking too many fast foods in their daily life.
Papaya contains such enzymes which are beneficial for digestion. These enzymes boost up the metabolism in the human body.
Papaya for diabetic patients
Diabetic patients are highly recommended to eat this fruit. It has a deficient sugar level. Though the taste is sweet but sugar level is not high.
The plus point for those who are not suffering from diabetic disease is they remain safe from this disease if they eat this fruit.
It is antioxidants and reduces the danger of cloning. It keeps the germs of cancer deactivated.
Papaya leaves juice is very beneficial for human. It gives incredible nutrition and aid digestion. There are many benefits that one can get of papaya leaves juice.
Papaya Juice for Dengue & Malaria
It is recommended that the papaya juice is best for dengue fever. It recovers the platelets which decompose while dengue fevers. The patient takes papaya juice twice a day remains healthy.
A prevalent remedy advised by the doctor to the patient of malaria is papaya leaf juice. Its leaves have potent properties to fight against malarial germs. Acetogenin is a compound used to prevent the disease.
Best for liver & Stomach
The papaya leaf juice is a cleansing agent for the liver. It heals many else liver disease.
papaya contains Papain and Chymopapain; both are aid digesters. The papaya leaf juice prevents us from constipation. Its uses for anti-inflammatory properties. It reduces the inflammation of the stomach.