African violet

African violets are small houseplants. These plants are a particular love & attention seeker. Purple, white & blue flowers on thick fuzzy leaves are looking awesome.

African violet has a genus of almost 6 to 20 species of the perennial type of flowering plant. In the family named Gesneriaceae. It can consider on both indoor and outdoor plants.

About African Violet

NameAfrican Violet
Botanical NameSaintpaulia
FamilyGesneriaceae
Maximum Growth2 to 6 inches in height
3-15 inches in width
Poison PropertyNon-Toxic

If proper care and weather condition provided to this plant, this species would spread all over at any time, no discrimination of season required for its care, health and maintenance.

How to grow African violet?

To grow African violets, Growth can take place from the mature leaf or seed of this plant. It grows in the soil and also in the water directly. It should notice that the soil must be well-drained.

Best soil for African violet

Violets can grow without soil directly in water. However, if you want to grow this plant in soil then it should be well-drained. The potting soil will be as qualitative, which enhances aeration, must be porous.

The pH should in the range of 6.5 to 7.0 for better growth. You can use the mixture of sphagnum peat moss, perlite & vermiculite in equal ratio.  The soil of the plant should not be soggy but keep the soil moist.

Container or pot for indoor plantation

The best container for African violet is a small pot where the soil is re-potted twice in a year for the best growth of the plant. The terracotta pot is best for this plant.

Propagation of African violets

African violet can propagate in three different ways.

Propagation in soil using leaves

  • Remove the fresh leaf of the plant and trim it:- Pick a mature leaf for propagation, but keep in mind leaf should not be old. Trim the top stem of the leaf to encourage its reproduction. Though it is not mandatory, it works as a growth enhancer.
  • Cut petiole at the angle of 45 degrees:-By cutting at the of 45°, it enhances the production very rapid
  • Root in the best way the leaf-cutting:- Fill the pot with rooting medium and place the cut part of the leaf in it. Add the few parts of Pro-Mix and the remaining parts of coarse vermiculite. Keep the pot in indirect brightness and suitable temperature.
  • Plantlets at the twelve weeks:- Usually, plants take 4-5 months, but the cut rooted leaf plant takes almost 12 weeks to grow the new plant.
  • Separate the cutting plant and the plantlets:- Plantlets and the mother leaf can separate very easily. As the plantlets do not have many roots, so it is straightforward to separate them.
  • Set the pot for plantlet:- Fill the small container which we are using for propagation with the soil. Make a hole at the center of the pot to hold the plantlet.
  • Pot the plantlet:- Push the plantlet very profoundly into the hole so that the central stem is exposed fully. However, be careful, do not push at that much even the roots get to die or destroy.
  • Successfully potted the plant:- One has successfully potted the plant. Larger plantlets place among the other else violets. Water it lightly, if one notice if plantlet is still small in size after the care place it into the clear air and suitable atmosphere.

Propagation in water using fresh leaves

Select a healthy and fresh leaf of African violet. Cut it from the base. After that make a diagonal cut (at 45°). Take a transparent pan or bottle which has narrow opening & fill it with fresh water. Put the leaf into the water in the way that the only stem of the leaf dips in water and leaf remains untouched to water. After several weeks, it will start producing baby violets.

Propagate in soil using seeds

You can also grow africa violet with the help of seeds.

How to Care African violet?

Use room temperature water for growth. The leaves rotted at the high level of humidity. Avoid the increased availability of water that causes the rotten of roots. With the help of a small and soft brush clean up the leaves of a plant.

Watering African Violet

Must keep an eye on the plant should be moist only but not soggy. Touch the leaves of the plant if it feels the stiffy or dry; It is the time to water this plant. Avoid over-watering. The fine roots of this plant require the air and cannot survive with the soddy wet soil.

Moisten and dry the soil & the roots before pouring to encourage flowering. Immerse the medium in the water at room temperature (within 30 minutes) by placing a plastic culture dish.

Keep leaves away from water. It may damage the stain. For best results, use purple plant nutrients. Remove the spent flowers and flower stems to encourage the development of new flowers. To avoid drafts and changes in cold, do not place the plants near ventilation holes, fans or entrance doors.

Avoid Chlorinated Water:

The African violets require very little need for photosynthesis, which requires a little chlorine, for example, 70-100 ppm. These small traces of water cannot get noticed by the smell. If once smell chlorine, once water is too much. The use of water that contains too much chlorine reduces burns and flowering of the leaves.

Humidity conditions for African violet

One can group African violas to create a suitable micro-climate. Only this can increase plant moisture by up to 15%. However, it is essential not to place the African violet Optimums self-watering saucer so close that the leaves touch. Humidity is between 70% to 80%.

Temperature Requirement

The ideal temperature for this plant is 65 degree to 75 degrees. The plant cannot grow well when the temperature is high or lower than the demanded range.

Light Requirement

Although the plant has all the necessary nutrients in its possession, the complete shutdown of sunlight leads to hunger.

For the healthiness and the performance, light plays an important role. They demand indirect indoor light. Moreover, thrive in the brightness.like the other plants it needs light for the process of photosynthesis.

Fertilizing African violet

The food must have an equal amount of
    • Nitrogen
    • Phosphorus
    • Potassium
14-12-12 is the recommended formula for the standard African violets.

Caring Tips For African Violet

Soil Drained Soil pH range: 6.5 to 7.0
Water 1- Keep the soil moist but avoid sogginess. 2- Avoid chlorinated water
Light Bright but indirect light
Temperature 65°F to 75°F
Humidity High humidity (70% to 80%)

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