African violets are small houseplants. These plants are a particular love & attention seeker. Purple, white & blue flowers on thick fuzzy leaves are looking awesome.
African violet has a genus of almost 6 to 20 species of the perennial type of flowering plant. In the family named Gesneriaceae. It can consider on both indoor and outdoor plants.
About African Violet
|Maximum Growth||2 to 6 inches in height|
3-15 inches in width
If proper care and weather condition provided to this plant, this species would spread all over at any time, no discrimination of season required for its care, health and maintenance.
How to grow African violet?
Best soil for African violet
Violets can grow without soil directly in water. However, if you want to grow this plant in soil then it should be well-drained. The potting soil will be as qualitative, which enhances aeration, must be porous.
The pH should in the range of 6.5 to 7.0 for better growth. You can use the mixture of sphagnum peat moss, perlite & vermiculite in equal ratio. The soil of the plant should not be soggy but keep the soil moist.
Container or pot for indoor plantation
Propagation of African violets
Propagation in soil using leaves
- Remove the fresh leaf of the plant and trim it:- Pick a mature leaf for propagation, but keep in mind leaf should not be old. Trim the top stem of the leaf to encourage its reproduction. Though it is not mandatory, it works as a growth enhancer.
- Cut petiole at the angle of 45 degrees:-By cutting at the of 45°, it enhances the production very rapid
- Root in the best way the leaf-cutting:- Fill the pot with rooting medium and place the cut part of the leaf in it. Add the few parts of Pro-Mix and the remaining parts of coarse vermiculite. Keep the pot in indirect brightness and suitable temperature.
- Plantlets at the twelve weeks:- Usually, plants take 4-5 months, but the cut rooted leaf plant takes almost 12 weeks to grow the new plant.
- Separate the cutting plant and the plantlets:- Plantlets and the mother leaf can separate very easily. As the plantlets do not have many roots, so it is straightforward to separate them.
- Set the pot for plantlet:- Fill the small container which we are using for propagation with the soil. Make a hole at the center of the pot to hold the plantlet.
- Pot the plantlet:- Push the plantlet very profoundly into the hole so that the central stem is exposed fully. However, be careful, do not push at that much even the roots get to die or destroy.
- Successfully potted the plant:- One has successfully potted the plant. Larger plantlets place among the other else violets. Water it lightly, if one notice if plantlet is still small in size after the care place it into the clear air and suitable atmosphere.
Propagation in water using fresh leaves
Propagate in soil using seeds
How to Care African violet?
Watering African Violet
Must keep an eye on the plant should be moist only but not soggy. Touch the leaves of the plant if it feels the stiffy or dry; It is the time to water this plant. Avoid over-watering. The fine roots of this plant require the air and cannot survive with the soddy wet soil.
Moisten and dry the soil & the roots before pouring to encourage flowering. Immerse the medium in the water at room temperature (within 30 minutes) by placing a plastic culture dish.
Keep leaves away from water. It may damage the stain. For best results, use purple plant nutrients. Remove the spent flowers and flower stems to encourage the development of new flowers. To avoid drafts and changes in cold, do not place the plants near ventilation holes, fans or entrance doors.
Avoid Chlorinated Water:
Humidity conditions for African violet
Although the plant has all the necessary nutrients in its possession, the complete shutdown of sunlight leads to hunger.
For the healthiness and the performance, light plays an important role. They demand indirect indoor light. Moreover, thrive in the brightness.like the other plants it needs light for the process of photosynthesis.
Fertilizing African violet
Caring Tips For African Violet
|Soil||Drained Soil pH range: 6.5 to 7.0|
|Water||1- Keep the soil moist but avoid sogginess. 2- Avoid chlorinated water|
|Light||Bright but indirect light|
|Temperature||65°F to 75°F|
|Humidity||High humidity (70% to 80%)|